Innovation - is a historically irrevocable change in the method of production of things.
J. Schumpeter


M.I. Tugan-Baranovsky

J.A. Schumpeter

N.D. Kondratiev

Gallery of prominent scientists

UA RU EN

Обращаем внимание на инновацию, созданную на данном сайте. Внизу главной страницы расположены графики,  которые в on line демонстрируют изменения цен на мировых рынках золота  и нефти, а также экономический календарь публикации в Интернете важных мировых экономических индексов 

 
Warning: Forecasts IEE

Analysis of the current situation and the exchange rate forecast for 2009 from Oleg Ostrokomorts


We expect that the exchange rate in Ukraine should be established at a new balanced level in the range of UAH 8,7 – 9,0 in the end of 2009 – beginning of 2010. For its more accurate forecast some data on the balance of payments for the third quarter 2009 is required from Ukrainian National Bank. Assuming a steady-state value of the exchange rate of UAH 8,5 for $1 (not the official one of UAH 8,01) i.e. its current state in the cash market, we can expect its further decline to the level of UAH 9,0 for $1 in case of confirmation of a negative balance.

Considering the two factors we can expect that the national currency will strengthen to the level of UAH 7,7. First, Ukraine still has a shortfall of technological balance. Secondly, despite the fact there is a negative balance of payments, it continues to decline, and it's hard to say when the process will be stabilized. If to assume that by the end of 2009 or in the first half of 2010 it will be positive, then for sure we will speak about over devaluation.

The basis for this statement is the analysis of the current situation of Ukraine's balance of payments.

During the Q2’2009 we see a decline in current account balance to $54 million, which is due to increased amount of transfers of $1,054 million versus $629 million in Q1’2009 according to the Ukraine National Bank. Reduction of the current account deficit was also fuelled by reducing the negative value of the "goods" account due to a faster reduction of import Vs. export. The decline in domestic industrial production, the weakening of the exchange rate, reducing disposable income and consumer lending contributed mostly to this process.

According to official Q2 data the deficit of the account of capital and financial transactions was reduced from $4529 million to $2009 million due to the payments for the corporate sector obligations and a slight investment inflow. We can talk about some stabilization in the financial sector, as evidenced by the deficit decrease in the financial account versus the previous period. However, it is still far to go to complete stabilization, since it is not clear how this sector withstands the blow from the reduction of business activity caused by restriction digestion at the end of 2008 - beginning of 2009, when the monetary base and money supply were drastically reduced. Bankruptcies are not observed in this sector, but the number of administrations is growing.

The deficit of payments balance was financed in 2063 million dollars with an increase in reserves at 754 million dollars.

According to preliminary data for Q3, there is a decline of the negative current account balance up to $ 44 million, helped by growth in exports of goods by 6,5% compared to July. These data indicate the almost fully balanced current account in the prescribed by National Bank rate of UAH 8,0 for $1.

But perhaps to achieve the balanced value Ukrainian hryvna would fall below this value - to UAH 8,7 – 9,0. It could be forecasted more accurately when there is Q3 correct data available.

 

Forecast risks.

The processes that affect the dynamics of the rate may be varied in different directions based on different factors, not only on internal ones. Under certain circumstances, we can expect the strengthen increase of the external factors for hryvna. For example, a soft monetary policy of the Federal Reserve which holds the rate corridor and the federal funds rate of 0-0,25% is already causing concern among investors. This is the reason why a gold value as a hedge risk in case of dollar inflation is increasing. It is natural to expect that in the case of reducing the price of the dollar, hryvna will get an impulse for its strengthening.

If this factor works, the process of strengthening the hryvna can be sustained. In such a scenario the corporate sector and the population actively will bring dollar resources to the market. Ukrainian National Band is always ready to come back to the tight monetary policy, thus, there are the factors for a possible strengthening of the exchange rate in the medium term period.

In contrast to these factors we should consider the traditional way of organization of the Ukrainian economic system, namely a low level of economic development based on current situation.

 

The Forecast including the possible changes due to the risks of its implementation.

The domestic factors making the exchange rate low are still: an imbalance of the economic system which is expressed by the absence of capacity to produce the necessary quantity of goods and services; low level of economy. Eventually it causes the growing risks of the inflationary pressure and lowering the real level of living.

Taking into account the negative forecast of corporate management and worsening the financial conditions of commercial banks, we consider the rate of UAH 9,0 or even 10,0 or $1 for the calculation.

The dynamics of the account balance shows encouraging trends, so we can expect hryvna to be strengthen below UAH 8,0.

The finance situation in the corporate sector in general and in banking area in particular is a risk in the forecast.

In the past two years the economy has been supported by the harvest of agricultural crops. We will see whether it is the case this year.

Again, if the administrative intervention in the economy is too big, the economic recovery will take more time.

 

Conclusions.

Crisis tendencies in the economy of Ukraine in 2005-2008 are the result of breaking the fundamental macroeconomic proportions.

The imbalance of economic structure and the weakness of its industrial base are the significant part of crisis in the Ukrainian economy.

The adequate measures in this situation would be: in the short term it is an appropriate policy of Ukrainian National Bank, which would help to eliminate the negative current account balance of payments. In the medium and long term it is about to create and grow the innovative industries which could become the "locomotive" pulling the economy out of crisis, also develop the financial and currency market.

 

Name: Oleg Ostrokomorets

Date of Birth: June 9, 1981

City: Kiev

Phone: +380938647940

E-mail: ostrik81@mail.ru

 

Education

09.2004 - 07.2008, Masters

Ukrainian Humanitarian Institute, Management of foreign economic activity, Kiev.

 

09.1998 - 07.2001 secondary special education

Vinnitskiy Transport College, Maintenance and repair of transport, building, road and track machines and equipment. Technician-mechanic, Vinnitsa.

 

Additional education (courses, trainings, etc.)

2009 - Institute of Evolutionary Economics, macroeconomic modeling and forecasting, Kiev.

2009 - Internship in the Economy Ministry, Department of Macroeconomics, Sub-department of Macroeconomic Forecasting.

2009 - Trade of financial instruments in the short, medium and long term. Online-Academy of exchange trade.

2009 - Procedure for purchase and sale of shares to individuals and legal entities. Consulting and Investments.

Computer skills:

Windows, MS Office, Internet, EViews, Photoshop, information and trading terminals.

 

Language:

Ukrainian

Russian

English: Basic

 

Posted on the website: 2009-10-23

Comments on this article:

Add new comment!

* – The Fields are obligatory for filling!

Your name *:
Your e-mail address:
Your message *:
Enter the number *:
 
2008-10-09:
Прогноз ИЭЭ #6 (69). Мировая экономика получит импульс экономической активности в начале 2009
 среду 08.10.08 семь центробанков мира одновременно понизили учетные ставки на 0,5%
2007-02-06:
The forecast of the IEE #3 (59). Economic dynamics in Ukraine for 2007
In 2007 on the forecast for Ukraine following risks will be imposed
2007-01-18:
The forecast of the IEE #2 (58). Currency tendencies for 2007

Summing up 2006 it is already possible to speak, that for US dollar it was one of the best periods. We shall recollect even the end 2004 beginning of 2005 when its rate has sharply gone downwards in relation to practically all leading world currencies

2006-04-26:
The forecast of the IEE #8 (47).

In political relations between Yushchenko and Timoshenko eccentric events must happen to May 2006 (the Forecast on Hlebnikov Part 3)

2006-04-08:
Forecast IEE #7 (46). Europe: simultaneous growth of risks and sociopolitical pressure
The increase in the discount rate by the European central bank (ЕCB) in 2006 will cause a growth in the risks in the economies of incorporated Europe
2006-04-07:
The forecast of IEE #6 (45). Exchange risks of the world in 2006
afraid, that in the second half of 2006 the dollar exchange rate in the world exchange markets can fall to 30 % - 45 % in relation to ...
2005-05-10:
IEE Forecast [16]. Ukraine will not avoid crisis, if not to take precautions and not to start innovative processes
After year 2006, the economy of Ukraine will step in a phase of its first serious economic crisis
2005-04-27:
IEE Forecast (15). American economy will absorb the world capitals like a powerful pump in 2005
Even today we may predict the result of a FRS experiment on driving of the American economy from " a soft patch " at the beginning of 2000
2005-04-25:
IEE Forecast. If there are no innovative priorities, the habitation market will become a risky point of the fund for business and investors.

The real estate sector is a small drop, and but for economy it reflects the bitter history of Ukraine, and (without exaggeration) all the CIS history.

2005-04-05:
IEE Forecast (13). Investments outside of systemic innovations go "nowhere": on the lot of oil and dollar
World prices for oil and dollar exchange rate will be "the valve of constant pressure " for economic growth
2005-03-23:
IEE forecast and comment (II). If the discount rate will raise, dollar will strengthen
Though practically nobody doubts a possible FRS decision to raise a discount rate by 0,25 %, the world of analysts of the currency market has stopped waiting
2005-03-22:
IEE forecast and comments. On a sudden problem of " canceling of the obligatory sale of 50 % currency proceeds"
Political risks in management of economy do not weaken in Ukraine. That can provoke an economic crisis even in a short-term prospect (after 2006)
2005-03-18:
IEE Forecast. Dollar, oil, steel, and the global innovational system will influence the world dynamics
Factors, which will influence economic dynamics in the nearest future
2005-03-01:
IEE Forecast. Ukrainian economy is most likely to remain excessively dependant on tools of economic policy in 2005
Most likely, innovative processes, capable to bring Ukraine forward at any commodity or technological sphere will not start in
2005-02-25:
IEE Forecast. The World Economics Will Run a Fever For Some More Time
According to leading economist's opinion, continuous decrease of long-term rates in the world's most developed countries is one of the greatest puzzles in the financial world today. The problem is important for the USA, and other national economics
2005-02-23:
IEE Forecast. The World Economics Will Run a Fever For Some More Time
The world economics will run a fever for some period (5-10 years). It will suffer decreased production effectiveness, raised consumption of oil in China, price fluctuations for fuel. After that, we will experience an unprecedented and grand innovational project. The project will change the quality of all the world economics, absorb all the free capital, and increase long-term yield.
2005-02-15:
IEE Forecast: Growth of a dollar exchange rate can cause growth of the external economic risks for Ukraine
As to the internal factors, which compensate specified risks, it is necessary to carry significant potential of economic growth to them due to activization of internal consumption. It is a question of activization of the factors removing restrictions on ways of incomes growth of people, of fine and average business.
2005-02-07:
IEE Forecast. In economic there can be a slow economic growth with the crisis periods
The deficiency growth of the account of current operations in the USA is connected first of all with smooth and deep downturn of a discount rate.
2005-02-01:
IEE Forecast: on a dollar exchange rate, OPEC conference, and session of FRS board, Bush's speech and meeting of G7.
Events of this week will leave the trace in 2005 World discussions
2005-01-19:
IEE Forecast
The committee for Federal Reserve System (FRS) in the USA (FOMC) will raise a discount rate for 0,25 % having brought it up to the value of 2,50 % at the next session, which will take place on February 1-2, 2005.
2004-12-30:
IEE. In the coming year the price for gold will continue to grow
Gold already would seem ceased to carry out function of money, again in the price because of the monetary markets dynamics.