Innovation - is a historically irrevocable change in the method of production of things.
J. Schumpeter


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J.A. Schumpeter

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Макаренко И.П.

Innovation self-development: systemic environment of innovation processes

The article was originally published in the collection of articles by participants of the VIIIth International Kondratjev Conference, dedicated to the 120th birthday of Kondratjev N. D.  "Cyclisism of global processes , Kondratjev Cycles and Long-term Conception of Development of Russia and the Global World", held in Moscow, 1–2 November 2012 , International  Kondratjev N. D. Fund, Institute of Economics of the Russian Academy of Sciences: M.: 2012, p. 212-216.

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This article is intended to bring to your attention the category of «systemic macroeconomic environment». Under consideration is the impact of systemic environment on self-development of innovations in the context of overcoming deceleration mechanisms of innovation processes.

Differences in character and speed of stream of innovation processes in different countries of the world – looks the objective reality. The study of this phenomenon has shown that equal efforts and actions in different countries and different periods produce far from unequivocal results. Investigating the problem we came once to conclusion that innovation processes encounter on its way a fight back force [1].

To note, in the background of mechanisms of opposition to innovations in our country lies, in addition, the negative social capital. In the countries of the European Union it has been refined for centuries and the merit of it is due to formed spiritual and cultural traditions.

The role of the positive social capital could not be overestimated with regard to processes of systemic stewardship of innovation processes. In our view, its weight in the rating of innovation processes management tools in the national economics should be put at first place.

Touching upon social capital we raise the problem of self-organization in the field of innovations activity where management tools influence innovation processes indirectly.  Particularly in relation to this a systemic environment acquires a significant weight, by transferring the role of management tools, thus stimulating the development of innovations [3].

In this discussion emerges topical a transmission issue (transfer mechanisms) of management tools and the follow-up reaction of economic system. The transmission issue under consideration has been paid the slightest attention in the innovations study field. The deeper investigation is related to contemporary currency-financial crises, while four generations of models being presented (P. Krugman, M. Obstfeld, G. Calvo and other). Crises unfold as indicators of the problems of economic dynamics. According to practice, overcoming of crises and the related challenges each time pushes the development systemic environment, freeing innovation potential of development of economic system in general.

In the light of the latter, comes an understanding that “automatic” repetition of those different methods of innovations policy used in developed countries, their application in developing economies will not produce expected outcomes due to differences of systemic environment, respectively, will drag different reactions in response to direction.

Innovation – is the process, in which “goods and technologies” are the final result. Systemic macroeconomic environment can evolutionize, while the problems occurring with development can slowdown innovation processes in real sector of an economy. Economic mechanism of this deceleration is simple.

For example, insufficient innovation development is reflected on the economy structure, production of goods and services. Insufficient supply of goods and services causes inflation, suppressing it Central Bank, as a rule, reduces money supply. The latter affects money and financial markets, driving interest rates upward. In case investments are financed from firms’ disposable income, this will not have big influence on investment decisions of firms and corporations. However with insufficient disposable income (absence of sufficient liquidity), investment decisions will require borrowed funds. In this case increased interest rate will hamper investment processes in the Economy. As a rule, small and medium entities having no large income are sensitive to interest rate.

Systemic macroeconomic environment – sophisticated formation that presents a synergy of:

- production capital – real sector capital goods markets and raw material markets;

- financial capital and financial markets, state (public administration sector). The construction of innovation system is impossible without the sector, as well it is impossible to maintain the traditional national economic system;

- National money system and money markets;

- currency system and currency markets;

- institutional environment and institutes.

Economic systems with developed markets have advanced (transmission) mechanisms of self-organization of economies. . Hence,

- economic systems with developed systemic environment due to transfer transmission mechanisms are more flexible and versatile, more adaptive to innovation processes and therefore they have less opposition forces to innovation processes;

- developed systemic environment includes developed money, financial and currency markets, and as well organic entwinement of social capital with financial capital and the real economy sector.

Conclusions:

1. In order to overcome opposition to innovation processes state support and development of state government system is not sufficient. It is necessary to create favorable macroeconomic systemic environment. Developed systemic macroeconomic environment provides high flexibility of state support thanks to developed transmission mechanisms.

2. Countries with developing markets, in order to activate innovation processes should revise their innovation strategies, reform national and regional innovation systems, with creation of special conditions, similar to developed macroeconomic environment.

References:

1. Makarenko I. P., Kopka P. M., Rogozhin O. G., Egorov S. А. Problems of innovation development of economy in the context of construction of national innovation system / Materials of the 11th International Scientific and Training Conference «Problems and perspectives of innovative development of economy». Moscow - Kiev – Simferopol – Alushta - 2006 p. 60-65.2. Makarenko І. П. Макроекономічніумовиформуваннятауправліннярозвиткомнаціональнихінноваційнихсистем / МакаренкоІ. П. – Інститутеволюційноїекономіки. – К.: Інтертехнологія, 2009. – 320 p/

3. Santo B. Innovative self-development / http://iee.org.ua/ru/publication/24/

Posted on the website: 2014-02-18

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Дата: 2012-11-23     Коментарий добавил(а): Сергей

Своевременная информация. Спасибо за критерии  благоприятной инновационной среды.Если в Украине не хватает духовных ценров по формированию мировозрения ( не их количество а скорее качество ) , предлагаю начинать с малого. Мое предложение  будет готово в начале 2013 г.( я на стадии доработки). 

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